Sultan Ahmet Mh. Torun Sokak 19, Istanbul, Turkey 34130
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque or Sultan Ahmet Mosque is a historic mosque located in Istanbul, Turkey. A popular tourist site, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque continues to function as a mosque today; men still kneel in prayer on the mosque's lush red carpet after the call to prayer. The Blue Mosque, as it is popularly known, was constructed between 1609 and 1616 during the rule of Ahmed I. Its Külliye contains Ahmed's tomb, a madrasah and a hospice. Magnificent hand-painted blue tiles adorn the mosque’s interior walls, and at night the mosque is bathed in blue as lights frame the mosque’s five main domes, six minarets and eight secondary domes. It sits next to the Hagia Sophia, another popular tourist site.HistoryAfter the Peace of Zsitvatorok and the crushing loss in the 1603–1618 war with Persia, Sultan Ahmet I, decided to build a large mosque in Istanbul to reassert Ottoman power. It would be the first imperial mosque for more than forty years. While his predecessors had paid for their mosques with the spoils of war, Ahmet I procured funds from the Treasury, because he had not gained remarkable victories.It caused the anger of the ulema, the Muslim jurists. The mosque was built on the site of the palace of the Byzantine emperors, in front of the basilica Hagia Sophia (at that time, the primary imperial mosque in Istanbul) and the hippodrome, a site of significant symbolic meaning as it dominated the city skyline from the south. Big parts of the south shore of the mosque rest on the foundations, the vaults of the old Grand Palace.
Landmark and Historical Place Near Sultan Ahmed Mosque
Sultanahmet is a neighborhood of Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.
Haseki Hürrem Sultan HamamıDistance: 0.1 miTourist Information Cankurtaran Mahallesi Ayasofya Meydani No:2 Sultanahmet Istanbul, 34122
The Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamamı, aka Ayasofya Haseki Hamamı, is a Turkish hamam that was commissioned by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I's consort, Hürrem Sultan, and constructed by Mimar Sinan during the 16th century in Istanbul. It was built on the site of historical Baths of Zeuxippus for the religious community of the nearby Hagia Sophia.ArchitectureThe public bath-house was constructed as a charity building by architect Mimar Sinan in 1556. The 75m long structure is designed in the style of classical Ottoman baths having two symmetrical separate sections for males and females. Both sections, situated in north-south direction, are on the same axis that was a novelty in the Turkish bath architecture. The men's section is in the north while the women's part is in the south.The exterior walls are built in courses of one cut stone and two bricks. The changing room of the men's section has four pointed-arch stained-glass windows above in the facade and the women's changing room has three windows.The entrances of both sections are apart. The entrance to the men's section is in the north and the women's in the west. Unlike in the architecture of other Turkish baths, there is a stoa with a dome in the center of the men's section's front side. The roofs of the dome and the stoa are decorated with bricks, and covered by lead sheet material. A red and a white palmette with a golden epigraph on green ground ornament the pointed arch of the monumental entrance door.
The Blue Mosque (Called Sultanahmet Camii in Turkish) is an historical mosque in Istanbul. The mosque is known as the Blue Mosque because of blue tiles surrounding the walls of interior design.Mosque was built between 1609 and 1616 years, during the rule of Ahmed I. just like many other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasa and a hospice.Besides still used as a mosque, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque has also become a popular tourist attraction in Istanbul.
Besides being tourist attraction, it's also a active mosque, so it's closed to non worshippers for a half hour or so during the five daily prayers.
Best way to see great architecture of the Blue Mosque is to approach it from the Hippodrome. (West side of the mosque) As if you are non-Muslim visitor, you also have to use same direction to enter the Mosque.
How To Visit Blue Mosque ?
Tourists always wonder how to visit Blue Mosque.There is also many other questions such as if there is any entrance fee,dress code, where to put my shoes etc.Here below is the answers of all these simple questions...
1) Plan your visit to the Sultanahmet area of Istanbul, so that you better arrive mid morning. Pray happens five times a day with the first call to prayer at sunrise and the last one at nightfall.The mosque closes for 90 minutes at each pray time.Avoid visiting a mosque at pray time (Especially Midday praying on Friday) or within a half hour after the ezan is chanted from the Mosque minarets.
2) Before step in to Mosque, take off your shoes and put in plastic bags provided at the entrance(Free of Charge). This is required of all persons as part of Muslim tradition when entering a mosque. There is also no charge to enter the Blue Mosque.
3) If you are women wear a head covering when entering to Blue Mosque.Head coverings are available at the Blue Mosque entrance for free. Place the fabric cover on top of your head with equal portions hanging on both sides. Take one side and wrap it around your neck, tossing it behind your back with covering your shoulders. Don't cover your face, the covering is meant to hide your hair only.
4) When you are inside the mosque, remain quiet and don't use flash photography.Since this is a place of worship, avoid staring or taking picture of those who are praying.Visit the mosque respectfully and quietly.At the Mosque exit, you can put used plastic bags in designated bin bags and return head covers to duty staff.
5) You can do donation to help maintain the Mosque at the exit door.It is not compulsory, but if you make donation you will get the official receipt for it.
Muslims pray five times a day according to the basic tenets of Islam.The timings of these prayers are
spaced fairly throughout the day, so that one is constantly reminded of Allah and gives opportunities to seek His guidance and forgiveness.
Muslim call to prayer (Ezan) is chanted six times a day.The exact time of the ezan changes each day due to rotation of the earth,revolution around the sun,various latitudes of the earth's locations and daylight savings time.Therefore Islamic prayer times were not set based on clock but traditionally set according to the movement of the sun.These timings being advised by The Presidency of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Turkey.
Here below is the names of the calls-prayers in Turkish and Arabic.
1) Imsak / Fajr - Two hours before dawn
2) Güneş /Tulu - Dawn
3) Ögle / Zuhr - Midday
4) Ikindi / Asr - Afternoon
5) Aksam / Maghrib - Sunset
6) Yatsi / Isha - Right before last light of the day get disappeared
The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul is one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world, with 61 covered streets and over 4,000 shops which attract between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily. In 2014, it was listed No.1 among world's most-visited tourist attractions with 91,250,000 annual visitors. The Grand Bazar at Istanbul is often regarded as one of the first shopping malls of the world.LocationThe Grand Bazaar is located inside the walled city of Istanbul, in the district of Fatih and in the neighbourhood bearing the same name (Kapalıçarşı). It stretches roughly from west to east between the mosques of Beyazit and of Nuruosmaniye. The Bazaar can easily be reached from Sultanahmet and Sirkeci by trams (Beyazıt-Kapalıçarşı stop).
Kapalıçarşı, İstanbul kentinin merkezinde Beyazıt, Nuruosmaniye ve Mercan semtlerininin ortasında yer alan dünyanın en büyük çarşısı ve en eski kapalı çarşılarından biridir. Kapalıçarşı'da yaklaşık 4.000 dükkan bulunmaktadır ve bu dükkanlarda toplam çalışan sayısı yaklaşık 25.000'dir. Gün içerisindeki en yoğun zamanlarında içinde yarım milyona yakın insan barındırdığı söylenir. Yılda 91 milyon turisti ağırlayan çarşı, dünyanın en fazla ziyaret edilen turistik mekanıdır.Tarihithumb Kapalıçarşı'nın çekirdeğini oluşturan iki bedestenden İç Bedesten yani Cevahir Bedesteni müellifler arasında tartışmalı olmakla beraber büyük olasılıkla Bizans'tan kalma bir yapı olup 48 m x 36 m ölçülerindedir. Yeni Bedesten ise 1460 yılında Fatih Sultan Mehmet tarafından yaptırılan Kapalıçarşı'nın ikinci önemli yapısıdır ve Sandal Bedesteni olarak anılmaktadır. Burada bir yolu pamuk bir yolu ipekten dokunan ve Sandal adı verilen kumaş satıldığı için Sandal Bedesteni ismi verilmiştir.Fatih Sultan Mehmet'in Kapalıçarşı'nın inşaatına başladığı yıl olan 1460 Kapalıçarşı'nın kuruluş yılı olarak kabul görmüştür. Asıl büyük çarşı ise Kanuni Sultan Süleyman tarafından ahşap olarak inşa ettirilmiştir.Dev ölçülü bir labirent gibi, 30.700 metrekarede 66 kadar sokağı, 4.000 kadar dükkânı ile Kapalıçarşı, İstanbul’un görülmesi gereken, benzersiz bir merkezidir. Adeta bir şehri andıran, bütünü ile örtülü bu site zaman içerisinde gelişip büyümüştür. İçinde son zamanlara kadar 5 cami, 1 mektep, 7 çeşme, 10 kuyu, 1 sebil, 1 şadırvan, 24 kapı, 17 han bulunmaktaydı.