Kapalıçarşı, İstanbul kentinin merkezinde Beyazıt, Nuruosmaniye ve Mercan semtlerininin ortasında yer alan dünyanın en büyük çarşısı ve en eski kapalı çarşılarından biridir. Kapalıçarşı'da yaklaşık 4.000 dükkan bulunmaktadır ve bu dükkanlarda toplam çalışan sayısı yaklaşık 25.000'dir. Gün içerisindeki en yoğun zamanlarında içinde yarım milyona yakın insan barındırdığı söylenir. Yılda 91 milyon turisti ağırlayan çarşı, dünyanın en fazla ziyaret edilen turistik mekanıdır.Tarihithumb Kapalıçarşı'nın çekirdeğini oluşturan iki bedestenden İç Bedesten yani Cevahir Bedesteni müellifler arasında tartışmalı olmakla beraber büyük olasılıkla Bizans'tan kalma bir yapı olup 48 m x 36 m ölçülerindedir. Yeni Bedesten ise 1460 yılında Fatih Sultan Mehmet tarafından yaptırılan Kapalıçarşı'nın ikinci önemli yapısıdır ve Sandal Bedesteni olarak anılmaktadır. Burada bir yolu pamuk bir yolu ipekten dokunan ve Sandal adı verilen kumaş satıldığı için Sandal Bedesteni ismi verilmiştir.Fatih Sultan Mehmet'in Kapalıçarşı'nın inşaatına başladığı yıl olan 1460 Kapalıçarşı'nın kuruluş yılı olarak kabul görmüştür. Asıl büyük çarşı ise Kanuni Sultan Süleyman tarafından ahşap olarak inşa ettirilmiştir.Dev ölçülü bir labirent gibi, 30.700 metrekarede 66 kadar sokağı, 4.000 kadar dükkânı ile Kapalıçarşı, İstanbul’un görülmesi gereken, benzersiz bir merkezidir. Adeta bir şehri andıran, bütünü ile örtülü bu site zaman içerisinde gelişip büyümüştür. İçinde son zamanlara kadar 5 cami, 1 mektep, 7 çeşme, 10 kuyu, 1 sebil, 1 şadırvan, 24 kapı, 17 han bulunmaktaydı.
The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul is one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world, with 61 covered streets and over 4,000 shops which attract between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily. In 2014, it was listed No.1 among world's most-visited tourist attractions with 91,250,000 annual visitors. The Grand Bazar at Istanbul is often regarded as one of the first shopping malls of the world.LocationThe Grand Bazaar is located inside the walled city of Istanbul, in the district of Fatih and in the neighbourhood bearing the same name (Kapalıçarşı). It stretches roughly from west to east between the mosques of Beyazit and of Nuruosmaniye. The Bazaar can easily be reached from Sultanahmet and Sirkeci by trams (Beyazıt-Kapalıçarşı stop).
Landmark and Historical Place Near Grand Bazaar, Istanbul
The Blue Mosque (Called Sultanahmet Camii in Turkish) is an historical mosque in Istanbul. The mosque is known as the Blue Mosque because of blue tiles surrounding the walls of interior design.Mosque was built between 1609 and 1616 years, during the rule of Ahmed I. just like many other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasa and a hospice.Besides still used as a mosque, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque has also become a popular tourist attraction in Istanbul.
Besides being tourist attraction, it's also a active mosque, so it's closed to non worshippers for a half hour or so during the five daily prayers.
Best way to see great architecture of the Blue Mosque is to approach it from the Hippodrome. (West side of the mosque) As if you are non-Muslim visitor, you also have to use same direction to enter the Mosque.
How To Visit Blue Mosque ?
Tourists always wonder how to visit Blue Mosque.There is also many other questions such as if there is any entrance fee,dress code, where to put my shoes etc.Here below is the answers of all these simple questions...
1) Plan your visit to the Sultanahmet area of Istanbul, so that you better arrive mid morning. Pray happens five times a day with the first call to prayer at sunrise and the last one at nightfall.The mosque closes for 90 minutes at each pray time.Avoid visiting a mosque at pray time (Especially Midday praying on Friday) or within a half hour after the ezan is chanted from the Mosque minarets.
2) Before step in to Mosque, take off your shoes and put in plastic bags provided at the entrance(Free of Charge). This is required of all persons as part of Muslim tradition when entering a mosque. There is also no charge to enter the Blue Mosque.
3) If you are women wear a head covering when entering to Blue Mosque.Head coverings are available at the Blue Mosque entrance for free. Place the fabric cover on top of your head with equal portions hanging on both sides. Take one side and wrap it around your neck, tossing it behind your back with covering your shoulders. Don't cover your face, the covering is meant to hide your hair only.
4) When you are inside the mosque, remain quiet and don't use flash photography.Since this is a place of worship, avoid staring or taking picture of those who are praying.Visit the mosque respectfully and quietly.At the Mosque exit, you can put used plastic bags in designated bin bags and return head covers to duty staff.
5) You can do donation to help maintain the Mosque at the exit door.It is not compulsory, but if you make donation you will get the official receipt for it.
Muslims pray five times a day according to the basic tenets of Islam.The timings of these prayers are
spaced fairly throughout the day, so that one is constantly reminded of Allah and gives opportunities to seek His guidance and forgiveness.
Muslim call to prayer (Ezan) is chanted six times a day.The exact time of the ezan changes each day due to rotation of the earth,revolution around the sun,various latitudes of the earth's locations and daylight savings time.Therefore Islamic prayer times were not set based on clock but traditionally set according to the movement of the sun.These timings being advised by The Presidency of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Turkey.
Here below is the names of the calls-prayers in Turkish and Arabic.
1) Imsak / Fajr - Two hours before dawn
2) Güneş /Tulu - Dawn
3) Ögle / Zuhr - Midday
4) Ikindi / Asr - Afternoon
5) Aksam / Maghrib - Sunset
6) Yatsi / Isha - Right before last light of the day get disappeared