FD lenses can be mounted on Canon rangefinder cameras or other Leica screw mount cameras using the Canon Lens Mount Adapter B, but rangefinder-coupled focusing is lost. The AE-1 was never designed to be a professional camera. The 42mm flange focal distance of the FD mount is shorter than that of most other lens mounts. The third version FD 50mm F1. Retrieved from " https: The photographer may introduce three levels of spherical aberration via a push-pull ring. However, it was made to have relatively straightforward controls and automatic aperture for newcomers, with various manual controls and system accessories to appeal to more experienced photographers.
The camera will also accept Canon's earlier FL-mount lenses through the use of stop-down metering. This was often criticized as being slower than the bayonet mounts of competing cameras. In , Canon introduced the New FD series of lenses that rotate the whole outer lens barrel to lock.
The inner lens barrel remained stationary, and thus the signal levers and pins still did not rotate. During the late s, there were over 50 Canon FD lenses available for purchase. It supports either manual exposure control or shutter priority auto exposure.
The exposure control system consists of a needle pointing along a vertical f-stop scale on the right side of the viewfinder to indicate the readings of the built-in light meter center-weighted with a silicon photocell. The viewfinder used by the AE-1 is Canon's standard split image rangefinder with microprism collar focusing aids. The s and s were an era of intense competition between the major Japanese SLR brands: Canon , Nikon , Minolta , Pentax and Olympus.
Between and , there was a dramatic departure from heavy all-metal manual mechanical camera bodies to much more compact bodies with integrated circuit IC electronic automation. In addition, due to rapid advances in electronics, the brands leap-frogged each other with successively more automated models.
Although Canon Camera K. Nikon, with its solid reputation for quality of material and workmanship, held a stranglehold on the prestigious professional SLR market that competitors could not break. They all used the same compact aluminum alloy chassis, but with different feature levels and outer cosmetic plastic top panel.
By sharing most major components, including an inexpensive horizontal cloth-curtain shutter, viewfinder information display, and autoflash control, Canon further reduced costs and could undercut the price of the more expensive SLRs then on the market. In keeping with its cost-cutting philosophy, Canon designed the AE-1 to use a significant amount of structural plastic for a lighter and cheaper camera at the expense of being less impact resistant.
Canon went to great effort to disguise the use of plastic - the injection-molded acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene ABS for the top panel finished with either satin chrome or black enameled to give the look and feel of metal. The bottom plate were made of brass and then finished with satin chrome or black enameled.
Extensive use of electronics also allowed simpler modular internal construction instead of mechanical linkages. Five major and 25 minor internal modules reduced the individual parts count by over Modular construction, in turn, allowed automated production lines in order to reduce cost.
The AE-1 was never designed to be a professional camera. However, it was made to have relatively straightforward controls and automatic aperture for newcomers, with various manual controls and system accessories to appeal to more experienced photographers. The AE-1 was the first SLR purchased by millions of amateur photographers, persuaded by its feature list and low price.
In many ways, the AE-1 represented the confluence of two streams of Canon camera development. After decades of chasing Nikon for Japanese optical supremacy, Canon finally hit upon a formula for success: The battery door design was subject to frequent breakage, and over time owners have reported instances of shutter and mechanical gremlins, including mirror linkage wear the "Canon squeal".
Canon's eventual abandonment of the FD lens mount for the EOS autofocus design also had an effect on prices for the AE-1 on the used market. Apple sound designer Jim Reekes recorded the screen snapshot sound used on Macintosh computers and iPhones from the AE-1 he used as a high school student. See also: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. The photographer may introduce three levels of spherical aberration via a push-pull ring. Since aperture also affects the magnitude of the soft-focus effect, a wide range of results are possible.
The lens may also be used as a standard short telephoto. It offers all FD features. It must be used in manual or stopped-down metering mode. Two other specialty lenses are the fisheyes. Two versions were produced. The 7. It requires manual operation and stopped-down metering. It includes all FD features and may be used with automatic exposure.
Both lenses include internal filters. They can only be used with a bellows, via an FD adapter; while the adapter can mechanically mount them directly to a camera, they cannot function optically. They are not properly FD lenses, but are listed here because they are part of the whole system. The others, known as AC lenses, offered autofocus only on the T80 camera.
The autofocus system was activated by a button on the side of the lens, and involved no communication with the camera body. It was reasonably accurate with still subjects, but was too slow to be a practical solution for moving subjects such as sports. Further development produced the AC derivative of the FD mount. All were released in April, alongside the Canon T80 camera, which was the only camera ever manufactured to take advantage of the AC lenses' AF capabilities.
The lenses communicated with the T80 via a modified FD mount with added electrical contacts. They lacked an aperture ring, and were therefore usable only in automatic-exposure modes. They were otherwise identical to the FD mount and could be manually focused on those FD-mount cameras that could control the aperture.
The AC line proved to be a dead-end development in light of the EF series development, and Canon would abandon the capability in the three remaining FD-mount cameras it produced, the New F-1 , T90 , and T The 42mm flange focal distance of the FD mount is shorter than that of most other lens mounts. Therefore, some lenses from other period cameras with longer flange focal distance can be mounted on Canon FD-mount cameras with appropriate adapters and still retain infinity focus.
FD lenses can be adapted to other cameras with longer flange focal distances, though the lenses cannot focus to infinity unless the adapter contains an optical correction element which may compromise image quality, as it is not part of the original FD lens optical design. Following the introduction of the EOS camera line, whose EF lens mount has a 44 mm flange focal distance, Canon briefly marketed an adapter which enabled certain FD telephoto lenses to be used on EOS bodies.
The adapter contained high-quality corrective optics and functioned as a 1. The adapter was produced in limited numbers, with the intent of easing the initial cost of conversion for professional users who owned expensive FD telephoto lenses. Other inexpensive aftermarket FD to EOS adapters are available and can be used at the cost of severely reduced image quality, particularly at large apertures.
Mechanically skilled photographers and technicians have successfully retrofitted FD lenses with alternative mounts, including the Arri PL mount and Canon EF mount. FD lenses can be mounted on Canon rangefinder cameras or other Leica screw mount cameras using the Canon Lens Mount Adapter B, but rangefinder-coupled focusing is lost. FD lenses have been regularly used with the Micro Four Thirds system since its introduction in As of , with the introduction of the Canon EOS M mirrorless camera, almost all FD or FL lenses can be successfully adapted with infinity focus available without the need for a compensating lens, thus not compromising resolution, contrast and distortion performance.
FD lenses can also be mounted to current mirrorless digital cameras with short flange focal distance, using simple mechanical adapters without optical correction. The E-mount has a flange distance of 18mm and a 1. See also: The FD series includes lenses of all standard focal lengths ranging from 7. At least two different maximum apertures were offered at each focal length from 24mm to mm.
The original generation of FD lenses featured a silver colored locking ring at the base. Only the locking ring turns to lock the lens to the camera body; the lens body remains stationary. Note that some lenses listed below were marketed in only one generation. Lenses of identical focal lengths and maximum apertures that spanned both generations, in addition to their altered mounts, were typically smaller and lighter in the New FD generation, and usually used smaller diameter filters.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Canon FD. East Sussex, England: Hove Books, , p. Retrieved Canon Camera Museum. MIR Web. Archived from the original on CS1 maint: Retrieved January 25, Canon SLR cameras and lens mounts film. F-1 F-1n New F-1 T50 T70 T80 T90 T60 Canon EOS digital cameras. Fujio Mitarai.
During the late s, there were over 50 Canon FD lenses available for purchase. Even Programmed AE was possible with no modifications to the lens mount, though at the time of its introduction Canon did not have an AE camera body in the FD line. The 42mm flange focal distance of the FD mount is shorter than that of most other lens mounts. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sosumi, the camera click and the start-up chord".